The Greenland Sea is located to the east of Greenland and is part of the North Atlantic Ocean. It borders the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Norwegian Sea to the south. Due to its location, it is often considered to be part of the Arctic Ocean. The Greenland Sea has an area of approximately 1.205 million km2. Due to its high latitude, the sea has an artic climate with regular cold northern winds that rarely rise above 0 °C. The ice formed on the Greenland Sea is an important breeding ground for species of seal and have been used as grounds seal hunting for more than 200 years.