The Aegean Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea and lies in-between the Balkan and Anatolian peninsulas, or Greece and Turkey. The sea has a surface area of around 214,000 km2 and is connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea via the straits of Dardanelles and the Bosporus. The sea is named after Aegeus, the father of Theseus, a mythical king and founder of Athens. The sea has a rich history and is home to many Greek myths. The sea also contains many island groups, including the Dodecanese, the Cyclades, the Sporades as well as Crete.